Where Do They Come From, Where Do They Go? Labour Market Transitions in India

Menon, Rahul and Nath, Paaritosh (2021) Where Do They Come From, Where Do They Go? Labour Market Transitions in India. Working Paper. Azim Premji University, Bengaluru.

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Using two rounds of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) covering the periods 2017-18 and 2018-19, we construct a panel of urban Indian individuals aged 15 to 65, and analyse the dynamics of their participation – or non-participation – in the labour force. We construct transition probabilities to study the movement of individuals through three distinct statuses - employment, unemployment and non-participation – at the aggregate level and for different demographic groups. We find evidence of considerable movements from the labour force to non-participation; there exists a significant discouraged worker effect as well as a pronounced movement from employment outside the labour force, specifically for women. A majority of those unemployed in the beginning of the year remain so at the end of the year, indicating the presence of long-term unemployment. The reduction in unemployment rates from 2017-18 to 2018-19 hides significant weaknesses in Indian urban labour markets. This study represents an original contribution to the field of Indian labour economics, given the paucity of large-scale studies of the dynamics of Indian labour.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Authors: Menon, Rahul and Nath, Paaritosh
Document Language:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Labour Market Transitions, Employment, Unemployment, India, PLFS
Subjects: Social sciences > Economics
Divisions: Azim Premji University > Research Centre > Centre for Sustainable Employment
Full Text Status: Public
URI: http://publications.azimpremjiuniversity.edu.in/id/eprint/4315
Publisher URL:

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