Contributions of Marx & Gandhi in evolution of post development theories

Rai, Nityanand (2020) Contributions of Marx & Gandhi in evolution of post development theories. Students’ Journal of Education and Development (6). pp. 111-115.

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The article presents the emergence of Post Development ideas way back to Marx and Gandhi. Though Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels presented their ideas on Capitalism and its exploitation in the early phase of industrial revolution, they recognized that this phase will be ruthless but is a temporary phase and will be eventually overthrown by communism, while Gandhi who saw the industrialization at its peak in 1909 and criticized such way of development and predicted that there’s no looking back, if humanity follows the same path. Gandhi still had a hope that the traditional societies like India won’t be gripped by such form of modernization. Eventually, the post-development theorists like Ivan Illich, Ashish Nandi and Andre Gunder Frank professed that the world has now become highly unequal, homogenized and was in grip of capitalism. However, unlike Marx, Gandhi and subsequent Post-development theorists do not put their trust in a single solution for the entire world.

Item Type: Articles in APF Magazines
Authors: Rai, Nityanand
Document Language:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marx, Gandhi, evolution, post development theories
Subjects: Social sciences > Education
Divisions: Azim Premji University > University Publications > Students’ Journal of Education and Development
Full Text Status: Public
Publisher URL:

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