Das, Shuborno
(2018)
Functional
equations.
At Right Angles, 7 (2).
pp. 1018.
ISSN 25821873
Abstract
A functional equation is an equation where the unknown is a function rather than a variable. It may
happen that one knows only a certain property of a function; e.g. that it is even, i.e., f (x) = f (–x) for all
x; or that it is additive, i.e., f (x + y) = f (x) + f (y) for all x, y; and so on. The question that then arises is,
what functions exist with the stated property? Is there just one such function? In this twopart article,
we answer such questions for certain types of functional equations. Functional equations are used to
model behaviour in engineering fields (e.g., Shannon's entropy in Information Theory) and the social
sciences. They are also of use in the study of difference equations.
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