Understanding human development in India

Sinha, Amarjeet (2016) Understanding human development in India. Learning Curve (25). pp. 8-11.

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1986-87. The year of the National Policy of Education. The year of the 42nd round National Sample Survey. The damning NSSO indictment – 69.23% females in rural areas six plus never enrolled in schools in rural India. Drop-out rate for SC girls in Bihar and ST girls in Andhra Pradesh at primary education level in rural areas 100%!! Clearly, the first four decades of independent India seems to have failed miserably in improving school participation more so in rural areas and among girls. 2014. NSSO 71st round. It also marks a decade and a half of implementation of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan for Universal Elementary Education. No difference in Net Attendance Ratio of girls and boys up to elementary school level (Class- VIII) in rural and urban areas, 99% children enrolled in schools, primary school within two kilometres of 99% households and upper primary schools within two kilometres for 86% households in rural or urban areas. Universal school participation has become a reality. The challenge of quality and learning remains daunting as a large number of those who enrol and attend schools are not able to attain learning and writing competencies commensurate with their schooling years. The late thrust on primary education and literacy shows up in the large number of households without any literate member above age 25 in the Socio Economic Census 2011. It also reflects in rising but still low number of graduates and higher secondary pass in rural areas as per SECC.

Item Type: Articles in APF Magazines
Authors: Sinha, Amarjeet
Document Language:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education, Elementary education, Early childhood educatio
Subjects: Social sciences
Social sciences > Education
Divisions: Azim Premji University > University Publications > Learning Curve
Full Text Status: Public
URI: http://publications.azimpremjiuniversity.edu.in/id/eprint/1004
Publisher URL: http://apfstatic.s3.ap-south-1.amazonaws.com/s3fs-...

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